Margunn Bjørnholt joins the Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies (NKVTS) as a research professor from 1 January 2016. She will head a 3-year research project on intimate partner violence, with particular emphasis on gender, gender equality and power relations. The project is funded by the Ministry of Justice and Public Security and is part of a research program on violence in close relationships, which NKVTS has been tasked by the government with implementing.
Senior Researcher Margunn Bjørnholt has been awarded competence as a (full) professor in gender studies by an evaluation committee appointed by the University of Stavanger. The committee consisted of Nina Lykke (Linköping University), May-Len Skilbrei (University of Oslo Faculty of Law) and Oluf Langhelle (University of Stavanger). The committee concludes that
Bjørnholt’s academic accomplishments in the last few years are impressive. She has published pieces in high impact journals substantially contributing to our understanding of gendered processes of work-sharing, qualitative interviewing and theory development on gender, work and family. Her contributions in the area of her PhD project and her work on “analyzing ideologies and materialities of gender equality,” together with the fact that she has also published interesting pieces on topics outside of these, and her pedagogical qualifications, qualifies her for a position of Professor in Gender Studies.
Margunn Bjørnholt, director of Policy and Social Research, spoke on the the Norwegian Oil Fund from a human rights perspective at a side-event on the financial crisis, the recession and human rights on 13 March 2014, during the session of the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW58) in New York. The event was organized by the International Alliance of Women (IAW), a leading human rights NGO with general consultative status with UN ECOSOC, and of which Bjørnholt is also a board member. The other speakers were Radhika Balakrishnan, executive director of the Center for Women’s Global Leadership at Rutgers University, who spoke on the financialisation of the economy and the causes behind the financial crisis, and Joanna Manganara, the IAW President, who presented research on the consequences of the recession on women in Europe.
The investment management of the Norwegian Oil Fund from a human rights perspective
Norway is a strong protagonist for human rights internationally and in the UN. Norway was hardly affected by the financial crisis, partly as a result of successfull counter-cyclical economic policies after the crisis. Through its role as an investor, in particular through its sovereign wealth fund, the Government Pension Fund – Global (the “Oil Fund”), which is based on the revenue from the Norwegian petroleum industry, Norway gained from the crisis, and was partly responsible for it through investments in the banks and financial institutions that caused the crisis. In 2007 the Norwegian sovereign weath fund invested in a number of the financial institutíons that were involved in the subprime crisis, among them Lehman Brothers, Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley, Citigroup, Bank of America, Freddie Mac, and other main culprits in causing the crisis.
As a creditor Norway shares responsibility for the debt management in the Euro-zone, imposing harsh conditions on other European countries, which have had a devastating effect, in particular on women. Despite the adoption of ethical guidelines in 2004, and despite the fact that the fund has acted on them and has withdrawn from some companies and some industries, such as tobacco, the fund’s investments, including its recent engagement in real estate continue to receive criticism. Referring to Radhika Balakrishnan and Diane Elson’s framework for evaluating macro-economic policy according to the human rights, Bjørnholt raised the question of regulation and accountability at a more general level: asking how should a sovereign wealth fund be viewed and how should it be held to account? Do the human rights obligations apply for a state acting as a company in the global economy?
A kick-off meeting hosted by the Polish partner in the project, the Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine (NIOM), in Łódź in October 2013, marked the start of the project EFFECT, in which researchers from NIOM, Norwegian Social Research (NOVA) and Policy and Social Research (POLICY) will cooperate in studying work–life balance among Polish employees in Norway and Poland.
The background of the project is the large immigration of Poles to Norway. The project will study how this new group of immigrants to Norway adapts to and use the different elements of benefits and entitlements for working parents in Norway and how they achieve work–family balance in a Norwegian and transnational context, as well as studying work–life balance in Poland.
Norwegian researchers involved in cross-national Norwegian-Polish research collaborations also met at HiOA in Oslo in February 2014 to exhange experiences.
This edited volume maps new advances in theories and practices in feminist economics and the valuation of women, care and nature since Marilyn Waring’s groundbreaking critique of the system of national accounts, If Women Counted (1988). It features theoretical, practical and policy oriented contributions, empirical studies, and new conceptualizations, theorizations and problematizations of defining and accounting for the value of nature and unpaid household work, eco-feminism, national and international policy processes, gender budgeting, unpaid care and HIV/AIDS policy, activism and artwork, and mirrors the wide-ranging impact and resonance of Waring’s work as well as the current frontiers of feminist economics/eco-feminism.
‘Counting on Marilyn Waring provides a timely reminder of the politics and economics underpinning what, how and by whom activities and outputs are valued. For those concerned with social justice and sustainable futures, this important and powerful book provides an invaluable and practical insight into issues that are in need of greater visibility.’ — Alison Preston, Winthrop Professor of Economics, University of Western Australia
‘A wide spectrum of issues are elaborated with a rich set of cases. This book offers insights for new public policy design focusing on well-being for everyone.’ — Gülay Günlük Şenesen, Professor of Economics, Istanbul University
‘While Thomas Piketty’s bestseller Capital in the Twenty-First Century barely tests the discipline’s boundaries in its focus on the rich, Counting on Marilyn Waring challenges most limits of what economists should care about.’ — Maria Reinertsen, economics commentator, Morgenbladet
Margunn Bjørnholt is guest editor of an issue of the journal Retfærd: Nordic Journal of Law and Justice titled Vulnerability as a basis for justice and equality in the Nordic countries, exploring the relevance and possible uses of the American legal theorist Martha Albertson Fineman’s vulnerability approach in a Nordic context.
Policy and Social Research and two partners, Norwegian Social Research (NOVA) and the Department of Occupational Psychology, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine in Poland, have received a grant from the Polish-Norwegian Research Programme under the EEA Grants/Norway Grants funding scheme for a study of work–life balance among Polish and Polish-Norwegian couples. The study will be carried out 2013–2016.
The EEA Grants/Norway Grants are the contributions of Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway to reducing economic and social disparities and to strengthening bilateral relations with 15 EU countries in Central and Southern Europe.